Lepidium meyenii is a cruciferous vegetable native to the Andes of central Peru, where it has a 3000 year history of culinary and medicinal uses for the chemical, fatty acids and amino acids.  The flavor profile of maca is earthy and nutty with a hint of butterscotch.

Maca Root benefits may include increased energy, vitality and endurance/stamina, healthy sexual function, libido and fertility, reduced anxiety and stress, healthy brain function and hormone balancing properties.  WebMD states that anemia, chronic fatigue syndrome, hormone imbalance and menstrual problems, fertility, sexual dysfunction related to anti-depressant use, osteoporosis, depression, stomach cancer, leukemia, HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis, erectile dysfunction and immune system support are many of the reasons people ingest maca.

Pure Allulose

A rare sugar with minimal calories and carbohydrates.  Allulose has the same chemical formula as fructose but arranged in a structure that changes the way it is metabolized, without raising blood sugar or insulin levels.  The majority of Allulose consumed is absorbed in the blood from the digestive tract, it is eliminated in the urine without being used as fuel.  It is resistant to fermentation by the gut bacteria, decreasing bloating, gas or other digestive problems.  Allulose does not raise blood sugar or insulin levels.  the caloric contribution is about one-tenth that of sugar.

Research suggests that Allulose has anti-inflammatory properties, may help prevent obesity and the risk of chronic disease.

Monk Fruit Extract

Lo Han Guo (Siraitia grosvenorii) native to southern China has been used for centuries for head cold and digestive support.  The fruit extract contains zero calories per serving and is much sweeter than sugar.

Mogrosides, or a mogrol with glucose units or glycolsides attached to it, is what creates the sweetness.  Mogrosides are not absorbed in the upper GI tract and do not contribute calories.  In the colon, gut microbes cleave off the glucose molecules and use them as an energy source and excreted in the GI tract.  Consumption is recognized as safe for children, breastfeeding women, and those with diabetes.  Research has shown that monk fruit sweeteners do not raise blood sugar levels in humans (Tey 2017a, Tey 2017b)

Stevia Extract

Stevia rebaudianais a member of the chrysanthemum family, a subgroup of the asteraceae family.  Stevia products are made from a highly refined stevia leaf extract called rebaudioside A which is about 200 times sweeter than table sugar.  Sweeteners made with Reb-A are considered a novelty sweetener because they are blended with other sweeteners such as erythritol (a sugar alcohol) and dextrose (glucose).

A 2010 study of 19 healthy, lean participants and 12 obese participants found that stevia significantly lowered insulin and glucose levels.  it also left study participants satisfied and full after eating, despite the lower calorie intake.  A 2009 study found that after consumption of 400 milliliters daily for one month, may help manage cholesterol.  Stevia lowered total cholesterol, LDL cholesterol and triglycerides with no negative side effects.  It also increased HDL (healthy) cholesterol.

Steviol Glycosides

Chemical compounds responsible for the sweet taste of stevia.  They are heat-stable, pH stable, and do not ferment or induce a glycemic response.  Steviol glycolosides stimulate the insulin secretion through potentiation of the β-cell, preventing high blood glucose after a meal.


Erythritol is a sugar alcohol which functions as a low calorie sweetener with 6% of the calories and 70% of the sweetness.  Multiple studies on toxicity and effects on metabolism have been performed and no serious side effects have been detected, but sugar alcohols can cause digestive issues belonging to the fiber category FODMAPs.  Erythritol is different than other sugar alcohols as most of it gets absorbed into the bloodstream before it reaches the colon.  When healthy people consume Erythritolritol, there is no change in blood sugar or insulin levels.  There is no effect on cholesterol, triglycerides or other biomarkers.  These make erythritol idea for those who are diabetic, overweight, or have issues related to metabolic syndrome.


Live bacteria and yeasts that are helpful in building and maintaining optimal digestive flora.


Saccharide polymer containing a small number of monosaccharides (simple sugars). Oligosaccharides have many functions including cell recognition and cell binding.  Glycololipids play an important role in the immune system response.